000
FXUS63 KDMX 200545
AFDDMX

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Des Moines IA
1145 PM CST Tue Feb 19 2019

.SHORT TERM.../Tonight through Thursday/
Issued at 409 PM CST Tue Feb 19 2019

Confidence: High on snow chances and amounts tonight into Wednesday.

Little overall changes to the system expected to impact the area
tonight into Wednesday. Main changes was to shift the heavier snow
axis a bit north, and increase amounts in that area slightly.
Otherwise did delay onset of the heavier snow this evening, so made
an adjustment to the start time of the Winter Storm Warning. Looks
like main area of precipitation will begin to spread across southern
and central Iowa toward mid/late evening. More dry air in place
across the state today than models had originally had thus, looks
like it will take a bit longer for snow to move into the state.
Already seeing some mid level echoes across the far south, and may
still see a flurry or some very light snow at times across the
south/west early this evening. Otherwise push of moisture advection
across Iowa by this evening into tonight. As the column saturates
snow will spread and pick up in intensity overnight. Cross-sections
indicate decent lift through the DGZ especially across
central/northern Iowa late tonight and also some instability present
aloft across most of the area. Strongest in the south from 06-12z.
Therefore expecting fairly intense snowfall rates at times with a
decent band moving through. Have trended initial pops toward the
HRRR given the drier air to overcome. Much of the area to be covered
in snow by late tonight with rates of 1-2 inches per hour at times.
This will allow snow to build up quickly on roads and significantly
reduce visibilities to less than 1/2 miles at times. Travel
conditions will deteriorate rapidly after 03-06z through 12z. The
bulk of the snow across metro area and southern Iowa to fall through
10-12z tonight, with some heavier snow into northern Iowa initially
still Wednesday morning. The morning commute will be impacted at all
sites.

As the surface low tracks across Iowa from south to north through
Wednesday morning, should start to see the snow lighten up and taper
off from south to north through the day. Also have some drier air
aloft move into the south/southeast which could allow for a
transition to some light freezing drizzle/rain Wednesday morning
resulting in a light glazing of ice potentially. The latest model
sounding suggest the west/southwest could see some light snow linger
a bit longer than previously anticipated with the deformation zone
moving through Wednesday. Therefore did extend the Winter Storm
Warning for Cass, Adair and Audubon Counties through the morning
hours. Also similar for the extension of the western Hwy 20 counties
from 18-21z Wednesday afternoon.

As for amounts, kept fairly similar amounts as previous forecast.
Latest track and potential for banded snow/higher snowfall rates
shifts this axis slightly further north pushing the highest snowfall
still in our forecast area west of I-35 and north of I-80. These
trends can be further refined as the snow moves in, but a location
within the heavier band may likely see close to 10" of snow or
possible slightly higher. Otherwise widespread 8-10" in the
west central to northwest looks most likely.

Once the snow moves out Wednesday, dry conditions expected for
Wednesday night into Thursday as high pressure builds in to the
state. Temperatures will remain chill with highs into the 20s to
around 30 Thursday.

.LONG TERM.../Wednesday night through Tuesday/
Issued at 409 PM CST Tue Feb 19 2019

The active weather pattern continues into early next week.  While
timing and placement issues still exist, the current trends indicate
that a winter storm will impact the state later Friday and persist
through Sunday morning. On Friday an upper trough will deepen over
the Plains eventually closing off into an upper low.  As it deepens,
it will tap warmer air and eventually a lot of deeper moisture
sending this up over Iowa.  As the precip potential increases across
the far west late Friday, we will see a rain or freezing rain
potential across the south with snow north. As the precip spreads
across the state Friday night, ice introduction and temps are all
sporadic and very messy giving us a wintry mix including the
potential for rain far south, freezing rain or snow far north and
freezing rain and sleet in between. Ice accruals during this period
look to be around a tenth of an inch northwest and west with a
secondary area southeast. Somewhat lighter amounts are expected
across central sections.

Late Saturday and Saturday night as the low lifts out of Kansas and
into Southern Iowa a second shot of deeper moisture and much colder
air sweeps in on the backside and precip changes over to snow
northwest into central Iowa.  Wind picks up during this period as
well and this will be a period of moderate to heavy snowfall with
wind across the northwest.  Across central sections, light to
moderate snowfall is expected and across the southeast, precip will
change from rain to snow late with around an inch of so.  The
interesting thing with this area is that there is enough instability
during the afternoon and evening that thunderstorms may be possible.
Uncertainty with this is too high to include in the forecast for now
but it is something that we will be evaluating as time goes on.

Late Saturday night and Sunday morning, the system wraps up and
lifts into the Great Lakes with deformation zone precip continuing
north and northeast and the rest of the state seeing much colder and
windy conditions.

High pressure builds in for Sunday into Monday then by late Monday
into Tuesday, another weak system pushes in from the west.  A
surface low over the Southern Plains with a frontal boundary
extending into Missouri and possibly southeast Iowa will increase the
forcing and moisture across southern/western Iowa which will spread
precip across the state Monday night into Tuesday.  with a couple of
stronger systems to contend with first, and the high uncertainty
with anything regarding the Monday/Tuesday system, we will not be
highlighting this at this time.

&&

.AVIATION.../For the 06Z TAFS through 06Z Wednesday night/
Issued at 1146 PM CST Tue Feb 19 2019

Poor general aviation weather conditions will exist overnight into
Wednesday morning with falling snow. Severe restrictions are
expected to visibilities and ceilings with widespread IFR and LIFR
conditions into Wednesday morning. As the snow ends into the early
afternoon, conditions will improve with VFR in portions of
southern Iowa by the end of the period. Surface winds will be
easterly overnight becoming southwest to westerly by the end of
the period.

&&

.DMX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
Winter Storm Warning until noon CST Wednesday for IAZ044>048-
057>062-070>075-084>086.

Winter Storm Warning until 6 PM CST Wednesday for IAZ004>007-
015>017-023>028-037>039-050.

Winter Storm Warning until 9 AM CST Wednesday for IAZ081>083-
092>097.

Winter Storm Warning until noon CST Wednesday for IAZ049.

Winter Storm Warning until 3 PM CST Wednesday for IAZ033-034.

Winter Storm Warning until 3 PM CST Wednesday for IAZ035-036.

&&

$$

SHORT TERM...Beerends
LONG TERM...FAB
AVIATION...Cogil

NWS DMX Office Area Forecast Discussion